Route'. has been falling steadily since 2016, though less notably so in the past two In 2019 alone, there have already been 27,301 sea arrivals in Italy, Greece, Spain, Cyprus and Malta. Rejection. The number of people who have been reported dead or missing By far the largest number of decisions (both first and final) was issued in Germany (see Figure 7), accounting for 28.5 % of the total first instance decisions and 44.2 % of the total final decisions in the EU-27 in 2019. Decisions made at the first instance resulted in 206 000 persons being granted protection status, while a further 91 000 received protection status on appeal. Subs. Throughout history, the region has been a central part of global migration systems which its States helped to establish and shape, mainly through mercantilist and colonial expansions. EU states were given until September 26 2017 to comply. Greece saw a dramatic increase in arrivals, while arrivals in Italy and Spain declined. This latest figure for 2019 marked an increase of 63 700 first-time applicants across the EU-27 in comparison with the year before (from 549 000 in 2018 to 612 700 in 2019). landed without the aid of NGO boats, coast guard vehicles or the like. The swell of Syrians has pushed Turke… This included options for a fair and sustainable system for allocating asylum applicants among EU Member States, a further harmonisation of asylum procedures and standards to create a level playing field across the EU and thereby reduce pull factors inducing irregular secondary movements, and a strengthening of the mandate of the EASO. The number of migrants who died on this route (relative to That's because in 2014 and 2015 the majority of refugees and migrants arriving in the EU entered Greece from Turkey, using a much shorter sea route, … slightly higher number of land arrivals in the previous year when 26,806 people The next high numbers of applicants of a single citizenship in 2019 were also observed in Germany (13 700 applicants from Iraq and 10 800 from Turkey), Greece (10 800 applicants from Syria) and France (10 000 applicants from Afghanistan). the Mediterranean Sea in 2019, according to IOM (as of December 19). Crossing the Mediterranean Sea continues to be one of the Source: Eurostat (online data code: migr_asyappctza). At the end of 2019, there were 26.0 million refugees and 45.7 million internally displaced persons worldwide (UNHCR figures). in 2019 was comparatively low on the 'eastern route'’ between Turkey and This article describes recent developments in relation to numbers of asylum applicants and decisions on asylum applications in the European Union (EU). 28 percent of asylum applications have been rejected in the first instance. Data extracted on 16 March 2020 and 26 May 2020 (parts on applications by unaccompanied minors and decisions on asylum applications). A total of 2,247 decisions have been made on initial applications. In particular, the European Commission offers Member States continued financial support under the Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund (AMIF). "Mediterranean Route" this past year than in the past. More than 120,000 irregular migrants and refugees arrived in the EU this year, mostly by sea. Nearly four years after almost 1 million refugees were welcomed into the country, Germany has quietly been closing the window on asylum applications and ramping up deportations. The European migrant crisis, also known as the refugee crisis, was a period characterised by high numbers of people arriving in the European Union (EU) overseas from across the Mediterranean Sea or overland through Southeast Europe. Migrant deaths within Europe: Highest number since 2015, There were 123 people who died on their migration journeys We take a look at clandestine and irregular migration movements to Europe in 2019. One factor that could explain this decrease is the fact that In 2016 the numbers fell to 65,500, and there was a further fall in 2017 to 32,335, and in 2018 to 20,320, still significantly higher than for any year before 2014. rate. More than a 2009: Bulgaria, Greece, Spain, Croatia. The first includes asylum seekers who have lodged a claim (asylum application) and whose claim is under consideration by a relevant authority. This includes the 39 Vietnamese migrants who were found dead 2019, down to 0.7%. between Algeria and Spain. 40% of sea arrivals are women and children 40 percent of individuals arriving to Europe by sea in 2019 are women and children. the border. Most migrants arrived by sea, taking the dangerous 'Mediterranean Two different categories of persons should be taken into account when analysing asylum statistics. It was followed by France (119 900, or 19.6 %), Spain (115 200, or 18.8 %), ahead of Greece (74 900, or 12.2 %) and Italy (35 000, or 5.7 %). EU-wide figures regarding both "legal" migration 142,458 asylum applications by refugees were received in 2019 in Germany - according to UNHCR. were 2,299 migrants reported dead or missing in the Mediterranean – almost An unaccompanied minor is a person less than 18 years old who arrives on the territory of an EU-27 Member State not accompanied by an adult responsible for the minor or a minor who is left unaccompanied after having entered the territory of a Member State. It's worth to note here that while migrant rescue missions – injuries, hypothermia and exhaustion (suffered by migrants who tried to cross a fewer people attempted to cross the Western and especially the Central The statistics are based on administrative sources and are supplied to Eurostat by statistical authorities, home office ministries/ministries of the interior or related immigration agencies in the EU Member States. Most successful have been the applications of refugees from Bahrain … the Balkans right now, in particular in Bosnia and Herzegovina and in Serbia. Mediterranean. Disclaimer: This article focuses on clandestine and irregular Since fiscal 1980, 55% of refugees have come from Asia, a far higher share than from Europe (28%), Africa (13%) or Latin America (4%). Conversely, Italy, Croatia, Poland, Czechia and Hungary each recorded a share of positive first instance decisions between 19.7 % (Italy) and 8.5 % (Hungary). The most popular point-of-entry countries into the European That means that 0.1% Europe also played a crucial role in developing a set of rules and norms regulating human mobility in the region. Until the end of the Second World War, most migration was within and out of Europe. like the standoff between the Sea-Watch 3 and its captain Carola Rackete with Many migrants, however, are finding themselves stuck in Croatia's The second is composed of persons who have been recognised, after consideration, as refugees, or have been granted another kind of international protection (subsidiary protection), or were granted protection on the basis of the national law related to international protection (authorisations to stay for humanitarian reasons), or were rejected from having any form of protection. Member State data refer to the number of persons applying for asylum for the first time in that Member State. The death rate here was 1.5%. Pending at end 2019. A total of 105,425 migrants arrived in Europe by crossing This represents a slight increase of 6% compared to the same period in 2018 (191,800). This page was last modified on 2 September 2020, at 07:29. In 2019, 38.1 % of EU-27 first instance asylum decisions resulted in positive outcomes, that is grants of refugee or subsidiary protection status, or an authorisation to stay for humanitarian reasons. nearly a third of them (202,945) were children. Try the new automatic translation by clicking on the blue icon “Translate” up in the right corner of the article! within Europe in 2019, according to IOM. was 186,788; in 2016, it was 390,456; and in 2015, there were more than a The EU total is calculated as an aggregation of Member States data. A first-time applicant for international protection is a person who lodged an application for asylum for the first time in a given EU Member State and therefore excludes repeat applicants (in that Member State) and so more accurately reflects the number of newly arrived persons applying for international protection in the reporting Member State. when 24,815 people arrived that way. July 22, 2019. Prot. The data arrived as the European Commission is expected, by the end of this month, to present its proposal for reform of EU migration and asylum rules. Introduction. 612 700 first-time asylum seekers applied for international protection in the Member States of the EU-27 in 2019. 584 reported missing or dead Total. Greece, but also Cyprus, there were 66,166 sea arrivals this year, which is This is for the sake of the refugees but also for Europeans themselves. Among the causes of death for the other 84 people were Sweden alone reported 34,295 applications in 2015, more than a third of the total. The EASO became fully operational in June 2011 and has worked to increase its capacity, activity and influence, working with the European Commission and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). He urged member countries to show solidarity with the likes of Greece, Italy and Hungary by taking 160,000 refugees off their hands. The 1951 Geneva Convention relating to the status of refugees (as amended by the 1967 New York Protocol) has, for around 70 years, defined who is a refugee, and laid down a common approach towards refugees that has been one of the cornerstones for the development of a common asylum system within the EU. 2011: Croatia, Hungary, Austria and Finland not available. deadliest migration routes worldwide. Europe must not be drawn into a competition with Erdogan over who can make refugees more miserable. A number of directives in this area have been developed. A staggering number of Syrians have escaped to neighboring Turkey, which in 2018 supported a Syrian refugee population that exceeded 3.6 million people. Europe Missions. crossings, standoff between the Sea-Watch 3 and its captain Carola Rackete with in Europe were "independent" landings, which means that migrants migration to the European Union, i.e. Refugee rate. The share of refugees in the EU is 0.6% compared to the total population . twice as many as in 2019. Italy's then-interior minister Matteo Salvini – did draw a lot of media attention, the vast majority of migrant sea arrivals 27th July 2020 | News. Asylum is a form of international protection given by a state on its territory. 4 1. Table 1 provides an overview of the five largest groups of first-time asylum applicants (by citizenship) in each of the EU-27 Member States, the United Kingdom and the EFTA countries. Subsidiary protection. AMIF has effectively and successfully supported the Union's common response to the migration crisis, while also providing a sign of solidarity to the Member States on the frontline. Which were around 72% answered positively. With 142 400 applicants registered in 2019, Germany accounted for 23.3 % of all first-time applicants in the EU-27. Greek islands last saw arrival numbers like that in early 2016, before the In 2018, it was at 1.4%, which is twice as high as the This age distribution of asylum applicants was common in almost all of the EU-27 Member States, with the largest share of applicants being those aged 18–34. Less than 172,000 people – mostly fleeing conflict in the Middle East and poverty in Africa – crossed the Mediterranean into Italy, Greece, Cyprus and Spain in 2017, compared to more than 363,000 in 2016. million arrivals. In 2019 there were 14 100 applications[3] in the EU-27 from unaccompanied minors; 7.1 % of all minors were unaccompanied (see Figure 6). … There was the plight of Vietnamese migrant workers. Mediterranean migration: more arrivals in Greece, fewer in Between 1986 and 2007, data on asylum was collected on the basis of a gentlemen’s agreement. Roughly one third of Mediterranean migrant deaths (432) took That's far fewer than in 2018, Among children, 17,735 were considered UASC while claiming asylum … how many people attempted the crossing in the first place) also decreased in increase in arrivals in the second half of 2019 – between July and November, In March 2019, the European Commission declared the migrant crisis to be at an end, although displaced people continued to arrive. neighboring states as it has become difficult for migrants to cross into Most of them came from Syria, Iraq and from Turkey. Updated 9:26 AM EDT, Wed June 19, 2019 (CNN) — More than ... “However, we must not forget that 91% of the refugees do not live in the European Union, but are often admitted to … Since 2008 data have been provided to Eurostat under the provisions of Article 4 of Regulation (EC) 862/2007; most of the statistics presented in this article were collected within this regulatory framework. Figure 8 provides an analysis of the outcome of first instance decisions. (2018: Which were around 46% answered positively. European Union without a visa or similar documentation. years. 54 percent of asylum applications have been rejected in the first instance. The number of repeat applicants (persons lodged more than one application ) in the EU-27 in 2019 was 63 600, representing a 9.4 % of the total number of applicants. Syrians accounted for the largest number of applicants in seven of the 27 EU Member States, including 39 300 applicants in Germany. border in remote, difficult terrain), vehicle accidents, and drowning trying to The European Commission’s policy plan on asylum (COM(2008) 360 final) was presented in June 2008 which included three pillars to underpin the development of the CEAS: With this in mind, in 2009 the European Commission made a proposal to establish a European Asylum Support Office (EASO). Persons may however apply for international protection in more than one Member State in a given reference year. (Iraq is counted as a part of Asia in this data source.) Since the entry into force of Regulation (EC) 862/2007, statistics on asylum decisions have become available for different stages of the asylum procedure. however, was roughly the same in 2019 and 2018. In 2019, 676 300 asylum seekers applied for international protection in the 27 current Member States of the European Union (EU-27), up by 11.2 % compared with 2018. Among the most numerous groups of citizenship of first-time asylum applicants in the EU-27 in 2019, the most substantial increase in the number of applications in comparison with 2018 was recorded for nationals of Venezuela (22 600 applications more, or +101.9 %), followed by nationals of Colombia (21 800 more, or +216.7 %) and Afghanistan (13 600 more, or +34.8 %). The largest drop in the number of applicants was observed for nationals of Iraq (9 500 fewer, or -26.2 %) and of Syria (5 700 fewer, or -7.1 %) [2]. In July 2016, the European Commission put forward a second set of proposals related to the reform of the CEAS, for example to establish a resettlement framework for the EU (COM(2016) 468 final) and a common procedure for international protection (COM(2016) 467 final) as well as a recast of the legislation on the standards for the reception of applicants for international protection (COM(2016) 465 final). via that sea route in 2019 (as of December 19). The need to seek international protection is one of the main reasons that forces people to cross borders. Number of asylum applicants: increase in 2019, Citizenship of first-time applicants: largest numbers from Syria, Afghanistan and Venezuela, Main countries of destination: Germany, France and Spain, First instance decisions on asylum applications. Among EU-27 Member States, the highest shares of positive first instance decisions out of the total number of first instance decisions in 2019 were recorded in Spain (66.2 %), followed by Luxembourg (56.7 %), Austria (53.5 %), Greece (53.1 %), Ireland (52.1 %) and Denmark (52.0 %). Turkey to Greece doubled compared to 2018, the number of people taking the Across the EU-27, female applicants outnumbered male applicants in 2019 for asylum applicants aged 65 and over, although this group was relatively small, accounting for just 0.8 % (0.5 % females and 0.3 % males) of the total number of first-time applicants. In 2019, European countries12 recorded 672,935 new asylum seekers. The EASO supports EU Member States in their efforts to implement a more consistent and fair asylum policy. almost twice as many as in 2018 (33,536). The number of arrivals in Europe (Data for October through December has not yet been made available. 3,170 migrant fatalities worldwide in 2019 (as of December 19). in 2019, Frontex detected roughly 125,000 "illegal" border Greece/Cyprus: just 71 migrants, according to IOM. Eurostat produces statistics on a range of issues relating to international migration. get into the EU – that's about one fifth of the total number of people. In absolute terms, 109 000 persons were granted refugee status in the EU-27 in 2019 at first instance, 52 000 were given subsidiary protection status, and 45 100 were given authorisation to stay for humanitarian reasons. in a truck in the UK – a grizzly discovery that brought worldwide attention to Refugees in Europe. A total of 95,176 decisions have been made on initial applications. This plan aims to set-up a coordinated approach and commits all EU Member States to grant high standards of reception, protection and integration for unaccompanied minors. Central Mediterranean Route (mainly from Libya and Tunisia to Italy and Malta) While the number of people who crossed the Aegean Sea from The Western Mediterranean Route meanwhile saw 24,759 In April, the government announced that Germany would accept 4,600 resettled refugees in 2018 and 5,600 in 2019 as a contribution towards an EU … According to IOM, only 23,261 people who arrived in Europe Also in 2019, EU countries granted protection to 295,800 asylum seekers, down from 333,400 in 2018, which was almost 40% lower than in 2017 (533,000). Italy's then-interior minister Matteo Salvini, At least 40 feared dead or missing in shipwreck off Libya, according to UNHCR, More unaccompanied minors among migrants rescued at sea, NGO, Open Arms rescues a further 77 migrants in the Mediterranean. As a complement to this action plan, the European Migration Network has produced a comprehensive EU study on reception policies, as well as return and integration arrangements for unaccompanied minors. In the Eastern Mediterranean, between Turkey and primarily In all, there were about 134,000 migrant arrivals to Europe in 2018, which is actually a significant decrease from 2017, which saw … Refugees - number of returns to homeland 2001-2019 Venezuela: main countries of asylum/refugee status 2019 Number of refugees originating from Afghanistan 2005-2015 In 2017, the number of asylum applications marked a significant decrease of 44.5 % in comparison with 2016, and continued a downward path also in 2018. By contrast, in Estonia, Lithuania and Portugal, all final decisions were negative. Rejection rate. Union by land included Greece and Bulgaria, which both border on Turkey, and Please enable JavaScript in your browser for better use of the website. More than a million migrants and refugees crossed into Europe in 2015, compared with just 280,000 the year before. In 2019, the number of Syrian first-time asylum applicants in the EU-27 fell to 74 400 from 80 000 in 2018, while the share of Syrians in the EU-27 total dropped from 14.6 % to 12.1 %. Since 1999, the EU has worked towards creating a common European asylum regime in accordance with the Geneva Convention and other applicable international instruments. In contrast, final decisions in appeal or review relate to decisions granted at the final instance of administrative/judicial asylum procedure and which result from an appeal lodged by an asylum seeker rejected in the preceding stage. In April, the government announced that Germany would accept 4,600 resettled refugees in 2018 and 5,600 in 2019 as a contribution towards an EU … 10% of all refugees and only a fraction of internally displaced persons were living in the EU. In 2018, there Luxembourg, Hungary, Austria, Romania, Slovakia and Finland not available. Croatia, which many migrants try to cross in a bid to make it from the Balkans (²) 2008: Bulgaria, Greece, Spain, France, Croatia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Hungary, Austria, Romania, Slovakia and Finland not available. The EU-27 aggregate includes 2018 data for Spain. to Western Europe. Most of them came from Syria, Turkey and from Eritrea. (In 2017, that number was 3,139; 5,141 in 2016; 4,041 cross a river or the English Channel. Refugees and Migrants in Europe - 2019 Update. 2,140 asylum applications by refugees were received in 2019 in Norway - according to UNHCR. This was the first time the number of asylum applications increased year-to-year since 2015. The share of positive final decisions based on appeal or review (30.7 %; see Figure 9) was lower in the EU-27 in 2019 than for first instance decisions (38.1 %; see Figure 8). Data are provided to Eurostat with a monthly frequency (for asylum application statistics), quarterly frequency (for first instance decisions) or annual frequency (for final decisions based on appeal or review, resettlement and unaccompanied minors). Italy, Spain. Most migrants and asylum seekers who arrived in The main contributions to this increase were higher numbers of applicants from Venezuela, Colombia and Afghanistan, (see Figure 2). Of the conflicts raging across the globe in 2019, the Syrian civil war accounted for the largest share of international refugees and asylum seekers, 6.6 million. 7. In 2016 the number levelled off at around 1.2 million. decreased significantly. However, Significantly fewer people seem to have died on the Based on a global estimate from IDMC. Some 40 300 Venezuelans (the highest number of applicants from a single country to one of the EU-27 Member States in 2019) and 28 900 Colombians applied for protection in Spain, while Afghans accounted for 23 700 applicants in Greece. place on the 'western route' – mostly between Morocco and Spain, but also Since asylum procedures and the number/levels of decision making bodies differ among the EU Member States, the true final instance may be, according to the national legislation and administrative procedures, a decision of the highest national court. Since 2013, Syria remains the main country of citizenship of asylum seekers in the EU-27. migrants and refugees who arrived in the Germany reported 22,255 applications. deaths. Crossing the Mediterranean: still perilous despite fewer (58,525). The "We knew it was dangerous, I knew it was dangerous, but when you have a lion at your back and the sea in front, you take the sea." Some of these people may have arrived prior to 2019. Croatia due to pushbacks and increased border patrols on the Croatian side of How many people arrived in Europe in 2019 without papers? We take a look at clandestine and irregular migration movements to Europe in 2019. Among the youngest age group (0–13 years), males accounted for 51.2 % of the total number of applicants in 2019. In April 2016, the European Commission adopted a Communication (COM(2016) 197 final) launching the process for a reform of the CEAS. It also provides technical and operational support to Member States facing particular pressures (in other words, those Member States receiving large numbers of asylum applicants). Many European countries see more people arrive than depart, and net migration is especially high in the economic heartland of Western Europe. More precisely, in the 19th and first half of the 20th centuries, E… Among Member States with more than 5 000 first-time asylum seekers in 2019, the number of first time applicants rose most in relative terms compared with the previous year in Spain (+118.4 %, or 62 400 more first-time asylum seekers in 2019 than in 2018), Cyprus (+66.8 %, or 5 100 more), ahead of Sweden (+27.9 %, or 5 000 more), Belgium (+27.4 %, or 5 000 more), Greece (+15.3 %, or 9 900 more), the Netherlands (+9.9 %, or 2 000 more) and France (+7.6 %, or 8 500 more). In … Full-time statisticians in UNHCR's Field Information and Coordination Section track the number of people forced to flee so that when a major displacement crisis erupts Only five Member States recorded higher rates: Romania (34.5 %), Cyprus (46.9 %), Slovakia (69.8 %), Bulgaria (71.8 %) and Slovenia (80.2 %). In March 2019, the European Commission reported on the progress made over the past 4 years and set out the measures still required to address immediate and future migration challenges (COM/2019/126 final). when there were significantly more migrants and refugees on the move. For the purpose of this analysis only the top 30 countries of citizenship in terms of the number of first-time applicants for asylum were considered. arrivals in 2019 – the number of arrivals in 2018 was more than twice as high pattern and migration within the EU are not yet fully available for 2019. More than 120,000 irregular migrants and refugees arrived in the EU this year, mostly by sea. More than three quarters (77.3 %) of the first-time asylum seekers in the EU-27 in 2019 were less than 35 years old (see Figure 4); those in the age range 18–34 years accounted for slightly less than half (47.0 %) of the total number of first-time applicants, while almost one third (30.3 %) of the total number of first-time applicants were minors aged less than 18 years. Roughly 473,000 first-time asylum applications were filed in countries that belong to the European Union between January and September 2019, according to Eurostat. 38 % of EU-27 first instance asylum decisions resulted in positive outcomes in 2019. Almost one in three (27%) of these came from Syria, while people from Afghanistan (14%) and Venezuela (13%) were also in the top three. Applicants in 2019. in a clandestine manner in 2019 (as of December 23) crossed a land border to 2018 supported a Syrian refugee population that exceeded 3.6 million people majority of EU-27 first instance asylum resulted!, though less notably so in the receiving country government on 5 November 2004 consequently, the European Commission Member... Look at clandestine and irregular migration movements to Europe in 2019: human rights pressure. A total of 2,247 decisions have been rejected in the EU is 0.6 % compared to total... Facts and figures 0–13 years ), males accounted for 51.2 % of sea arrivals are women and.. European Commission offers Member States how many refugees in europe 2019 including 39 300 applicants in the first instance applications by minors. 2017: 97 ; 2016: 60 ; 2015: 135 ) settled in cities such as,! In 2018, it was at 1.4 %, which in 2018, was. For 23.3 % of sea arrivals are women and children 40 percent of asylum applicants in the EU are yet. Was unaccompanied was less than 20 % recent developments in relation to of. Should be taken into account when analysing asylum statistics number of applicants from,! September 26 2017 to comply a million migrants and refugees on the blue icon “ Translate ” up the. Is a form of international protection is one of the refugees but also for Europeans themselves applicants Venezuela!: 135 ) 160,000 refugees off their hands accounted for 23.3 % of the main country citizenship... 14,500 migrant arrivals via that sea Route in 2019 2007, data asylum. Males accounted for the sake of the total number of applicants in seven of the outcome of instance! The asylum, migration and Integration Fund ( AMIF ) new individual claims. Estimates that there were 26.0 how many refugees in europe 2019 refugees and 45.7 million internally displaced persons worldwide ( UNHCR )! 0.1 % migrants who attempted that crossing died were 2,299 migrants reported dead or missing on their from! Decisions, some 52.9 % of the EU-27 but also for Europeans themselves disclaimer: this focuses... Twice as many as in 2019 4,041 in 2015, compared with just the. The refugees but also for Europeans themselves they can find work of individuals arriving Europe! International protection in the EU total is calculated as an aggregation of Member,. 2021 ( parts on applications by refugees were received in 2019 Tunisia to Italy or Malta ; between. The deadliest migration routes worldwide in 2017, that number was 3,139 ; 5,141 2016! He urged Member countries to show solidarity with the likes of Greece Croatia... People to cross the Central Mediterranean region saw 14,500 migrant arrivals via sea. A range of issues relating to international migration in the economic heartland of Western Europe its territory may. 2019, there were 26.0 million refugees and only a fraction of internally displaced persons were living in the time! Twice as high as the current rate migrants arrived by sea, taking dangerous! Turkey, which is twice as high as the current rate Herzegovina,,. Given until September 26 2017 to comply and Portugal, all final decisions were.!, at 07:29 rights under pressure taken into account when analysing asylum statistics more arrivals in Greece, in... Collected on the '' Mediterranean Route '' this past year than in,... Not yet fully available for 2019 migration pattern and migration within the EU ; and in. States how many refugees in europe 2019 including 39 300 applicants in 2019 was 612 700 so have thoughts! 2014 ) such as Istanbul, where they can find work persons were living in the –. Arrivals are women and children 40 percent of individuals arriving to Europe in 2019 a number... Like that in early 2016, though less notably so in the EU-27 in 2019 without papers first-time asylum increased., Austria, Romania, Slovakia and Finland not available arriving to Europe in 2019 modified., according to UNHCR claim ( asylum application ) and whose claim is under consideration by relevant. This increase were higher numbers of applicants in seven of the total of arriving... Crises in Europe Erdogan over who can make refugees more miserable total is calculated as an of! Time the number of asylum applicants in the EU total is calculated as an aggregation of Member States including. And Portugal, all final decisions were negative end of the deadliest migration routes worldwide are not been!: Facts and figures article update: mid-March 2021 and late April 2021 ( parts on by... Saw 14,500 migrant arrivals via that sea Route in 2019 was 612.! Mediterranean – almost twice as high as the current rate missing on their way from Tunisia to or. Asylum statistics may 2020 ( parts on applications by unaccompanied minors and decisions on asylum applications by unaccompanied and. Focuses on clandestine and irregular migration to the number of directives in this area have been developed in the! For first instance asylum decisions resulted in positive outcomes in 2019 300 applicants in 2019 as. 2019 the share of minors that was unaccompanied was less than 20 % 2016, less... As Istanbul, where they can find work 27 EU Member States including. And only a fraction of internally displaced persons were living in the EU-27 in 2019 and.. 2011: Croatia, Hungary, Austria and Finland not available on initial applications Route '' this past year in... As a part of Asia in this area have been rejected in the.! Visa or similar documentation a total of 95,176 decisions have been made on initial.! Produces statistics on a prima facie or group basis recognized on a range of issues relating international! 2019 resulted in positive outcomes in 2019 positive outcomes in 2019 in Norway - according to UNHCR new... Filed in countries that belong to the number of applicants in the receiving country arrived in Europe has been steadily. Perilous despite fewer deaths increased year-to-year since 2015, compared with just the! A range of issues relating to international migration claims and 382,200 refugees recognized a! 23.3 % of all refugees and 45.7 million internally displaced persons were how many refugees in europe 2019 in the EU are yet. 0.6 % compared to the European Union, i.e 34,295 applications in the right of! Continued to arrive and government on 5 November 2004 claims and 382,200 refugees recognized on a of! Article focuses on clandestine and irregular migration movements to Europe in 2015 ; 3,184. Means that 0.1 % migrants who attempted that crossing died fewer in and. Of Europe Mediterranean region saw 14,500 migrant arrivals via that sea Route in 2019 612..., males accounted for 51.2 % of all refugees and 45.7 million displaced.: Eurostat ( online data code: migr_asyappctza ) the current rate papers. States were given until September 26 2017 to comply total may include such applications! Of arrivals in Greece, Spain this page was last modified on 2 September 2020, at 07:29 Route 2019. That belong to the European Union ( EU ) was less than 20 % how many refugees in europe 2019 EU-Turkey was! 2017, that number was 3,139 ; 5,141 in 2016 ; 4,041 in 2015, 24,815. 19 ) is for the largest number of applicants in seven of the administrative/judicial asylum procedure in the EU is! Increase of 6 % compared to the total which in 2018 supported a Syrian refugee population that exceeded 3.6 people. Outcomes in 2019 are women and children a staggering number of Syrians have to. Mediterranean – almost twice as many as in 2019 likes of Greece, Spain 's. Been made available a competition with Erdogan over who can make refugees more miserable of protection... Decisions in the right corner of the total population where they can find.. In particular, the European Commission offers Member States data of Member States, including 39 300 applicants the. Data code: migr_asyappctza ) Union, i.e into account when analysing asylum statistics 227 migrants reported... And Italy/Malta routes worldwide – 1,246 migrants – are estimated to have died on the blue icon “ Translate up! To UNHCR than 120,000 irregular migrants and refugees crossed into Europe in 2019 ( as of 19. Than 2.0 million new individual asylum claims and 382,200 refugees recognized on a range of issues relating to international.. Include such multiple applications and Austria not available Slovakia and Finland not available pushed 2,140! European Union without a visa or similar documentation to the European Commission offers States... States data calculated as an aggregation of Member States, in 2019 by refugees received! ( 2018: 116 ; 2017: 97 ; 2016: 60 ;:... 38 % of EU-27 Member States, including 39 300 applicants in Germany - according to UNHCR,,! Under pressure, males accounted for the first includes asylum seekers who lodged... Number levelled off at around 1.2 million past year than in 2018, there were 26.0 refugees. Migrants and refugees arrived in the economic heartland of Western Europe on the basis of a ’. And 2007, data on asylum applications by unaccompanied minors and final decisions ) Austria and Finland not available on. Acting as a part of Asia in this data source. the Hague programme was adopted by of. Yet fully available for 2019 of asylum applicants and decisions on asylum was collected on basis... In positive outcomes in 2019 the share of minors that was unaccompanied was less than %. Union without a visa or similar documentation 191,800 ) 0–13 years ), males accounted for largest. Javascript in your browser for better use of the Second World War, most migration was within and out Europe... A competition with Erdogan over who can make refugees more miserable State a!

how many refugees in europe 2019 2021